January 14, 1950: Ho Chi Minh proclaims DRV
(Democratic Republic of Vietnam).
April 25, 1950: Truman approves NSC-68
May 30, 1950: In South Korea, Republic Of
Korea elections. Many conservatives ousted by moderates.
June 25, 1950: North Korea crosses the 38th
Parallel, invading South Korea.
June 25, 1950: First Blair House meeting.
June 26, 1950: North Korea's tanks reach
the outskirts of Seoul.
June 27, 1950: Truman commits US Naval and
Air support to South Korea.
June 27, 1950: American Delegate asks UN
to furnish assistance to ROK (Republic of Korea) to restore international peace.
June 29, 1950: General MacArthur flies to South Korean headquarters at Suwon.
June 30, 1950: Truman and advisers agree
to give MacArthur 2 divisions.
July 2, 1950: NKPA (North Korean People's Army) takes Suwon.
July 22, 1950: Communist Chinese attack Nationalist
Chinese islands, Quemoy and Little Quemoy.
July 29, 1950: MacArthur visits Formosa, home of the Nationalist Chinese defeated by Mao.
August 17, 1950: US announces in UN its goal
of a unified, anti-Communist Korea.
August 27, 1950: US planes accidentally attack
September 11, 1950: Truman approves NSC-81/1.
September 15, 1950: With US/UN/ROK forces
pushed back nearly to the end of the Korean peninsula, MacArthur launches the Inchon Invasion.
September 27, 1950: Walker's Eighth Army
makes contact with X Corps. MacArthur gives OK for US forces to cross the 38th Parallel.
September 29, 1950: Syngman Rhee's government
ceremonially restored in reconquered Seoul.
October 9, 1950: US Army crosses 38TH Parallel
October 15, 1950: Wake Island Meeting
October 19, 1950: US forces occupy Pyongyang
October 24, 1950: MacArthur orders his troops
into Korea's northernmost provinces.
October 25, 1950: South Korean ROK forces
annihilated by PRC (People's Republic of China) forces at Pukchin.
November 1, 1950: First US vs. Communist
Chinese fighting at Unsan
November 3, 1950: UN resolution passed, censuring
North Korea for "breach of peace"
November 7, 1950: Congressional Elections
in US, seen as a referendum on Truman's policy.
November 27, 1950: US Marines/Infantry surrounded
by Chinese Communist forces at Chosin Reservoir.
November 30, 1950: In press conference, Truman
admits US may be considering using A-Bomb.
December 15, 1950: Truman declares a state
of national emergency.
January 4, 1951: Ridgway evacuates Seoul, withdraws from Inchon
January 25, 1951: Operation Thunderbolt.
US/UN/ROK forces go back on the offensive.
February 1, 1951: UN censures People's Republic
of China for "aggression"
February 1951: Operation Killer begun.
March 7, 1951: Ridgway launches Operation
March 15, 1951: US/UN/ROK forces retake Seoul.
March 24, 1951: MacArthur unilaterally issues
an ultimatum to the People's Republic of China.
April 4, 1951: Congress endorses NATO, sends
Eisenhower to head unified NATO command.
April 5, 1951: Operation Rugged.
April 5, 1951: Truman dismisses MacArthur
May 3, 1951 to June 25, 1951: Senate Foreign
Relations Committee investigates MacArthur's dismissal.
April 14, 1951: Gen. James Van Fleet assumes tactical command of Eighth Army.
April 22, 1951: All-out Communist offensive
fails to retake Seoul.
May 15, 1951: Another Communist offensive,
again fails to take territory.
May 18, 1951: Ridgway launches counteroffensive.
May 18, 1951: UN nations start military goods
boycott of the People Republic of China.
May 30, 1951: Operation Piledriver, an offensive
against the Iron Triangle, begins.
June 30, 1951: Ridgway broadcasts first American
overture for peace talks.
July 8, 1951: Peace talks begin at Kaesong.
August 19, 1951: Communists accuse UN forces
of violating the Kaesong area, suspend the talks.
October 25, 1951: Peace talks resume at Panmunjom.
March 29, 1952: Truman announces he will
not run for reelection.
April 11, 1952: Truman relieves Eisenhower
of command so he can run for President.
June 1952: Washington authorizes bombing
Korean power plants on the Yalu river.
July 11, 1952: US air attack on Pyongyang.
August 5, 1952: Rhee wins another clearly
November 4, 1952: Eisenhower wins Presidential
election in landslide.
November 29, 1952: Eisenhower secretly goes
to Korea on fact-finding mission
February 11, 1953: Eisenhower replaces the
frustrated Van Fleet with Lt. Gen. Maxwell
April 16, 1953: Communists attack "Pork Chop
April 26, 1953: Talks resume at Panmunjom.
June 8, 1953: "Terms of Reference," regulating
POW repatriation, signed.
July 19, 1953: Delegates reach agreement
July 27, 1953: Peace Treaty signed at Panmunjom.
38th parallel reset as boundary between communist North and anti-communist South. Cold War tensions continue unabated.
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